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ARCHIVED - Canada, by Train

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Urban Growth

A new railway brought success on several fronts, among them employment, commercial activity and industry. Many cities and towns owe their very inception to railways. For example, the same year that the first Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR) train arrived at Pile O'Bones in 1883, the site was renamed Regina; its first post office and church were established and the headquarters of the North West Mounted Police (NWMP), later the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, was created.

As much as the railways contributed to the prosperity of many, it irreversibly altered the way of life for the Métis and First Peoples, especially in western Canada. Tracks, trains and towns over their traditional lands, resulted in their displacement and dispersal.

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