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Description trouvée dans les archives

Julia Grace Wales fonds [textual record, graphic material]. 



Lieu de création


1.87 m of textual records.
10 photographs : col. and b&w.

Portée et contenu

Fonds consists of correspondence, diary excerpts, working papers for a memoir, newspaper clippings and articles, draft and published copies of her writings, and other materials relating to Julia Grace Wales' participation in the peace movement during and after World War I, including the International Congress of Women at The Hague, 1915, and the Henry Ford Peace Expedition, 1915-1917; papers relating to her book, Democracy Needs Education (1942), her poetry, her writings on religious and other themes, and her career as a Shakespeare scholar; personal and posthumous items, publications, and other material. Photographs by De Tonge, John Trevor, J.A. Simons, Robinson Bury, of Julia Grace Wales at different ages, her family and with the 1903 "Donaldas" McGill Women Graduates.

Documents textuels
Documents iconographiques (photo)
90: Ouvert
No de référence archivistique
Ancien no de référence archivistique

Modalités d'utilisation

Photographs: No restrictions on use or reproduction. Copyright: expired. Credit: Library and Archives of Canada.

Textual records The finding aid is a Manuscript Division textual file list. MSS1760 90 (Électronique)

Photographs: Biography of Julia Grace Wales in accession file. 1760 (Autre)

Biographie / Histoire administrative

Julia Grace Wales, peace activist, writer and literary scholar, was born in Bury, Eastern Townships, Quebec, on 14 July 1881. She was educated at McGill University (BA, 1903) and Radclife College (MA, 1904), before moving to the University of Wisconsin, where she was a student and professor of English literature, specializing in Shakespeare (Ph.D., 1926).

Wales is best known for her work in the peace movement during World War I. While at Wisconsin she drafted a plan to bring the war to an end, "Continuous Mediation Without Armistice". Wales' plan was endorsed early in 1915 by the Wisconsin Peace Society, the National Peace Conference (Chicago), and the Wisconsin legislature. Wales was a delegate (representing the Wisconsin Peace Society) to the International Congress of Women, a peace conference held at The Hague in April 1915 at which The International Committee of Women for Permanent Peace (renamed the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom) was created.

Wales' plan was adopted as a resolution of this conference, and she then served as a member of the conference's embassy that took the continuous mediation proposal to European governments. After the International Congress of Women, Wales joined the Henry Ford Peace Expedition and was a member of the subsequent Neutral Conference in Stockholm. She returned to North America in 1917 to resume her academic career, but maintained an interest in the peace movement. She continued to publish articles on peace issues, and also one book, Democracy Needs Education (Toronto: Macmillan, 1942). Wales also wrote and published poetry and articles on religious themes. In 1947 she retired to St. Andrew's, Quebec, where she died on 15 July 1957.

Information additionnelle

Received in 1988, 1991 and 1997 from Jeanette Roback, Montreal, Elizabeth Wales, Côte St. Luc, Quebec, and Dr. Grace Shugar, Warsaw, Poland. Additional material was received from Elizabeth Wales, St. Andrews East, in 2002 and in 2007.

Note sur l'emplacement des documents connexes
A collection of Julia Grace Wales' papers is also available at the State Historical Society of Wisconsin. For further information, researchers should consult the Guide to the Manuscripts of the Wisconsin Historical Society (1944). See also volume 4, file 40.


1. Women and peace.
2. Femmes et paix.
3. International Committee of Women for Permanent Peace.
4. Comité international de femmes pour une paix permanente.
5. World War, 1939-1945 Protest movements
6. Guerre mondiale, 1939-1945 Contestation
7. Wales, Julia Grace, 1881-1957
8. Guerre mondiale, 1914-1918 Paix
9. World War, 1914-1918 Peace

Code d'aire géographique

Sweden, United States


No de contrôle d'autres systèmes

No de contrôl reliés

1. 1988/0391 MSS
2. 1991-365 DAP
3. 119-020014-7
4. 119-020070-8
5. 1997-00007-5
6. 2004-00366-9
7. 2009-00737-9
8. MG30-C238