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Description found in Archives

Mecklenburgh Bay [cartographic material] / 


March 1, 1779 [i.e. 1781]

Place of creation



Publish'd according to Act of Parliament by J. F. W. Des Barres Esqr.

1 map : hand col. ; 60 x 92 cm on sheet 77 x 105 cm.
Cartographic material
90: Open
Original can be viewed in the presence o
f an early cartographic archivist
Cartographic material
Microfiche NMC28029
90: Open
Item no. (creator)
Alexander E. MacDonald Canadiana Collection #658f
Archival reference no.
Other accession no.
80101/245 CA
Library of Congress class no.
G1107.C6P5 D47 1784 v. 1 pt. 6 #41 1781 - copy 3 - H1

Terms of use

Credit Library and Archives Canada.
Copyright expired.

Biography / Administrative history

Surveyor and Lieutenant Governor.

Joseph Frederick Wallet DesBarres (originally Joseph-Frédéric Vallet DesBarres) (1721-1824) was born in November 1721, either in Basel, Switzerland, or in Paris. He was a topographical artists, military engineer, surveyor and map-maker. He was the eldest child of Joseph-Léonard Vallet Des Barres, a Huguenot from the Montbéliard region of France, and Anne-Catherine Cuvier. He was educated in Basel and then at the Royal Military College, Woolwich, England. He entered the British army and served in america during Seven Years' War, taking part in actions at Ticonderoga, Louisbourg and Quebec campaigns, DesBarres undertook surveys of Nova Scotia and Cape Breton, 1763-1773, and between 1774 and 1784 published his fine collection of charts as the Atlantic Neptune published for the use of the Royal Navy of Great Britain, in 4 volumes.

He was appointed Lieutenant Governor of Cape Breton in 1784 and removed from office in 1787. Later, he served as Lieutenant Governor of Prince Edward Island, 1804-1812. He died at Halifax, Nova Scotia, on 27 October 1824, just one month short of 103.

Additional information

Bathymetry indicated by soundings; shoals stippled; relief shown by shading and hachures

Prime meridian: Greenwich.

Now known as Mahone Bay.

From: The Atlantic Neptune, published for the use of the royal navy of Great Britain, by Joseph F. W. Des Barres, under the direction of the right hon'ble, the Lords Commisioners of the admirality. London

Custodial history
Part of the Alexander E. MacDonald Canadiana Collection purchased by the Public Archives of Canada in 1981

Related materials
For more detailed description see: G1107.C6P5 D47 1784 v. 1 pt. 6 #41 1781 - copy 1 - H1 (AMICUS No. 28938910). For other states and editions see: Carto - G1107.C6P5 D47 1784 v. 1 pt. 6 #41 1775 - H2 (NMC 28025) (AMICUS No. 28938907) ; Carto - G1107.C6P5 D47 1784 v. 1 pt. 6 #41 1776 - copy 1 - H2 (NMC 28026) ; Carto - G1107.C6P5 D47 1784 v. 1 pt. 6 #41 1776 - copy 2 - H2 (AMICUS No. 28938908) ; Carto - G1107.C6P5 D46 1779 v. 1 #33 1779 - H1 (NMC 28371) (AMICUS No. 28938909) ; Carto - G1107.C6P5 D47 1784 v. 1 pt. 6 #41 1775 - H2 (NMC 28025) (AMICUS No. 32990631)

Cartographic math data
Scale [ca. 1:29 000] (W 64°25'--W 64°4'/N 44°36'--N44°26')

Citation / reference note
Henry Newton Stevens collection of the Atlantic Neptune, v. 1 # 36g; v. 2, p. 75 state 7.
Layng, Theodore E. Desbarres collection, Map Division, Public Archives of Canada, p. 49 #41[d & e].

Subject heading

1. Nova Scotia - Mahone Bay - Nautical charts - Early works, 1751-1800.