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Description found in Archives
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Scope and content
This is Sanson's unusual composition showing ancient geography within a contemporary outline of the Americas, which is noted in the cartouche as the mythical island of Atlantis. This is a purely topographical map and the only cities shown are Mexico City and Cuzco, the capitals of the New World. The continents are divided into ten regions, named for the ten sons of Neptune. The Great Lakes are shown but still very misshapen. A large lake in the western part of North America is the source of a river that empties into the sea between the continent and the island of California. The map includes both Asian and European coastlines and bits of New Guinea, New Zealand and Australia. The large cartouche is surrounded by Neptune and his ten sons.
Conditions of access
Original can be viewed in the presence o
f an early cartographic archivist. Microfiche version is open.
Credit Library and Archives Canada.
Narrative on the map interprets New World geography in the light of the works of classical authors. Quotations come from Plato's Timeaus and Critias, suggesting that the Atlantans had invaded Europe in ancient times. Seneca and Claudius Aelianus are also quoted on the future existence of the New World and its distance from the Old World.
Originally published in Nicolas Sanson's "Carte générales de tovtes les parties dv monde".
Citation / reference note
Tooley, page 124, item 51
Mickwitz and Miekkavaara. v. 2, Entry 275, map no 
Availability of other formats note
1. North America - Maps - Early works to 1800.
2. South America - Maps - Early works to 1800.
3. Western hemisphere - Maps - Early works to 1800.
Other system control no.
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