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Scope and content
Second state of Oretlius' map of America. Ortelius map of America is without doubt one of the most recognized and influential maps of America from the 16th Century. The map first appeared in the 1570 edition of Ortelius' Theatrum Orbis Terrarum. This is a copy of the 2nd state, with the bulge in South America and the large ship in the Pacific sailing eastward, with the text on the verso indicating that it was issued in the 1571 Latin edition of Ortelius' Theatrum Orbis Terrarum. Ortelius depicts the discoveries of a number of explorers, but the general shape of America is derived from Gerard Mercator's 21 sheet world map of 1569. The bulge in South America is the most notable feature of the map, which was not corrected until the 3rd state. The cartouche hides the lack of knoweldge in the south Pacific, although the massive Terra Australis Incognita is still very much in evidence, a myth not disspelled until Cook's second voyage. The West Coast of North America has a wildly inaccurate western projection.
Conditions of access
Original can be viewed in the presence o
f an early cartographic archivist. Microfiche version is open
Credit Library and Archives Canada.
State 2 of map, based on the Azores being correctly labelled and the large sailing ship in the Pacific Ocean sailing eastward.
Illustrated with sailing ships, sea monsters and decorative title cartouche in bottom left corner.
Text on verso titled "Novvs orbis" with page number 2. Dutch edition dated 1571 with first word in line two "dinem" being flush to the margin.
Cartographic math data
Citation / reference note
Tooley, R.V. "Mapping of America", p. 320
Availability of other formats note
Canada on Maps 1564-1616: Stratford Festival Exhibition 1966.
1. North America - Maps - Early works to 1600.
2. South America - Maps - Early works to 1600.
3. Western hemisphere - Maps - Early works to 1600.
Other system control no.
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