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Description found in Archives



Place of creation



de Wit]

1 map : ill., hand col. ; 39 x 47 cm on sheet 45 x 57 cm.

Scope and content

Map of North and South America, not intended to be issued in any atlas although occaisonally appearing in Hendrick Doncker's Zee-Atlas. The map is an amalgam of sources. The figures along the right and left margin are derive from the rare and desireable 1614 Van den Keere, but with fewer town illustrations. The California model is after Luke Foxe, but the continguous coast of the mainland is inadvertently engraved as a river. Hudson's Bay & the Great Lakes are derived from Blaeu. New Amsterdam is shown, but no evidence of English settlements.

Cartographic material
90: Open
Original can be viewed in the presence o
f an early cartographic archivist. Microfiche version is open.
Cartographic material
Microfiche NMC27725
90: Open
Item no. (creator)
Alexander E. MacDonald Canadiana Collection #104
Cartographic material
90: Open
90: Open
Archival reference no.
Other accession no.
80101/245 CA
Local class no.

Terms of use

Copyright: Expired
Credit Library and Archives Canada.

Biography / Administrative history

Engraver and map-seller, Frederick de Wit was born at Gouda in 1630 and was the son of Henrick Fredericksz de Wit. He was married to Maria van der Waag of Amsterdam. In 1661 he obtained his citizenship to the city of where he had been working since 1648. From here he became one of the most famous engravers of maps of the second half of the 17th century. The earliest dates on maps engraved by him are 1659 on the map Regni Daniae. He specialised in field atlases, wall maps and engravings. He personally created some 130 maps and 27 nautical charts. He made use of approximatley 250 copper plates of town plans mainly from the stocks of Bleau and Janssonius. He also sold world atlases, a marine atlas and a regional atlas of the Netherland and town atlases of the Netherlands and Europe.
De Wit died in 1706 and his widow continued to run his business until 1709. In the spring of 1710 the plates and stock of de Wit atlas were sold by the family to Covens & Mortier, another famous Dutch company. (Source: Koeman "Atlantes Neerlandici, vol. 3) (Source: von Egmond "Covens & Mortier A Map Publishing House in Amsterdam, 1685-1866)

Additional information

Pictorial relief.

Copperplate engraving.

On verso in upper right margin ms "5"

Across the top of the map are 6 views of the following locations: Cusco, Mexico, Olinda in Pharmambuco, Havana Portus, S. Domingo and Cartagena.

The styles of native dress depicted along the right and left margin represent: Virginlani, Magellanici, Brasiliani and Chili.

Map has a decorative title cartouche which depicts a native Indian astride an armadillo.

In the bottom left corner is an illustration of Neptune and his Queen astride a pair of sea horses.

Also in Louis C. Karpinski: Historical atlas Great Lakes and Michigan (Lansing, Michigan Historical Commission 1931), 10 Orig. in University of Michigan Library. Also reproduced in: Map collectors' circle, No. 8, (1964), pl. IX, no. 18. Map including illustrations

Physical condition note
On verso adhesive tape.

Custodial history
Part of the Alexander E. MacDonald Canadiana Collection purchased by the Public Archives of Canada in 1981.

Cartographic math data
Scale indeterminate.

Citation / reference note
Burden, Entry 356, State 1
McLaughlin, Entry 24
Wagner, Entry 385b
Tooley, p. 303
Koeman, v. 3, p. 212, no [10]

Availability of other formats note
The microfiche version is NMC27725

Exhibitions note
Over the Rockies: The Discovery & Mapping of the Canadian West 1700-1886. An Exhibition held at the The Royal Ontario Museum, March and April, 1956

Subject heading

1. North America - Maps - Early works to 1800.
2. South America - Maps - Early works to 1800.
3. Western hemisphere - Maps - Early works to 1800.


Other system control no.