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Description found in Archives

Date(s)

1602

Place of creation

France

Publisher

Le Clerc]

2 map on 1 sheet : ill., hand col. ; 25 cm in diam. or smaller, on sheet 34 x 52 cm.

Scope and content

Rare double hemisphere map of the world.One of two maps of the world engraved by Jodocus Hondius for the Parisian publisher Jean Le Clerc in 1602. The map is most noteworthy for its identification of Sir Francis Drake's hypothesis of an island (Tierra Del Fuego) off the coast of South America, 15 years before its actual discovery. All other maps of the period showed the straits of Magellan as the only navigable watercourse from the Atlantic to the Pacific, with a massive southern continent below the Strait. The path around the Horn was critical to European powers eager to circumvent Dutch claims of control over the Strait and therefore access from the Atlantic to the Pacific. Map also includes the islands of Queen Elizabeth off the tip of South America and notes that Nova Albion on the far west of cost of North America was so named by the English in 1580

Cartographic material
90: Open
Original can be viewed in the presence o
f an early cartographic archivist. Microfiche version is open
Cartographic material
Microfiche NMC8091
90: Open
Item no. (creator)
Alexander E. MacDonald Canadiana Collection # 31
Cartographic material
90: Open
Volume
31
90: Open
Archival reference no.
Other accession no.
80101/245 CA
Local class no.
H3/10000/1602

Terms of use

Copyright: Expired
Credit: Library and Archives Canada

Biography / Administrative history

Engraver, bookseller and publisher in Paris and Tours, le Clerc may have been associated with Maurice Bouguereau in the production of the Theatre Francois in 1594, but whether that was so or not, he subsequently used the plates to republish the Atlas in 1620 under a new title. In addition to the maps of France, the atlas included a World Map, originally engraved by Jodocus Hondius in 1608 copied from Mercator's twin hemisphere map of 1595. He also issued in 1602 maps of Africa, America, Asia and Europe, engraved by Jodocus Hondius. (source http://www.bentleys.co.za/frenchcart.html)

Additional information

Panel at bottom of map conatains quotation from Psalms : "domini est terra et plenitudo eius, orbis terrarum et uni versi qui habitant in eo. quia super maria fundavit eum, etc. Psal 24 "

Pictorial relief.

The upper corners include circles showing the wind names in Italian and Dutch. The lower corners have circular diagrams showing the phases of the moon and the climatic zones. An astronomical sphere and compass rose are also included .

Map contains manuscript text which is not longer legible running along the equator of both hemisphers. The text on the left hemisphere is dated 1616 while the text on the right hemisphere is dated 1614.

Custodial history
Part of the Alexander E. MacDonald Canadiana Collection purchased by the Public Archives of Canada in 1981.

Cartographic math data
Scale [ca. 1: 80 000 000]

Citation / reference note
Shirley, Entry 233.

Availability of other formats note
The microfiche version is NMC8091

Exhibitions note
This map was part of an exhibition held at The Royal Ontario Museum, March 1954 entitled "The Discovery & Mapping of the Great Lakes 'Sweet Water' 1522-1703 showcasing MacDonald's Collection.
Discovery and Mapping of Upper Canada: An exhibition held at the Canadiana Department, Royal Ontario Museum, May - December 1967
Canada on Maps 1564-1616: Stratford Festival Exhibition 1966.

Subject heading

1. World - Maps - Early works to 1800.

Private

Other system control no.

4143160