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Description found in Archives
Place of creation
Scope and content
Rare double hemisphere map of the world.One of two maps of the world engraved by Jodocus Hondius for the Parisian publisher Jean Le Clerc in 1602. The map is most noteworthy for its identification of Sir Francis Drake's hypothesis of an island (Tierra Del Fuego) off the coast of South America, 15 years before its actual discovery. All other maps of the period showed the straits of Magellan as the only navigable watercourse from the Atlantic to the Pacific, with a massive southern continent below the Strait. The path around the Horn was critical to European powers eager to circumvent Dutch claims of control over the Strait and therefore access from the Atlantic to the Pacific. Map also includes the islands of Queen Elizabeth off the tip of South America and notes that Nova Albion on the far west of cost of North America was so named by the English in 1580
Conditions of access
Original can be viewed in the presence o
f an early cartographic archivist. Microfiche version is open
Credit: Library and Archives Canada
Biography / Administrative history
Engraver, bookseller and publisher in Paris and Tours, le Clerc may have been associated with Maurice Bouguereau in the production of the Theatre Francois in 1594, but whether that was so or not, he subsequently used the plates to republish the Atlas in 1620 under a new title. In addition to the maps of France, the atlas included a World Map, originally engraved by Jodocus Hondius in 1608 copied from Mercator's twin hemisphere map of 1595. He also issued in 1602 maps of Africa, America, Asia and Europe, engraved by Jodocus Hondius. (source http://www.bentleys.co.za/frenchcart.html)
The upper corners include circles showing the wind names in Italian and Dutch. The lower corners have circular diagrams showing the phases of the moon and the climatic zones. An astronomical sphere and compass rose are also included .
Map contains manuscript text which is not longer legible running along the equator of both hemisphers. The text on the left hemisphere is dated 1616 while the text on the right hemisphere is dated 1614.
Cartographic math data
Citation / reference note
Availability of other formats note
Discovery and Mapping of Upper Canada: An exhibition held at the Canadiana Department, Royal Ontario Museum, May - December 1967
Canada on Maps 1564-1616: Stratford Festival Exhibition 1966.
World - Maps - Early works to 1800.
Other system control no.
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