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Description found in Archives
Place of creation
Scope and content
This scarce early map is based on the now lost world map of Gemma Frisius . The world is presented in a cordiform projection on a cloud background filled with mythical figures and windheads. One of the deities sports the design of the Holy Roman Emperor's double eagle on his breastplate and the three cadaverous windheads at bottom represent the plague-carrying winds of the south. The continents are broadly based on Mercator's globe gores of 1541 but North America is shown as a long slender landmass labeled Baccalearium in reference to the cod fishing region. There are few geographical features other than the prominent twin lake sources of the Nile in Africa. The heart-shaped border of the map contains signs of the zodiac.
Conditions of access
Original can be viewed in the presence o
f an early cartographic archivist
7 Item no. assigned by LAC 7
Credit Library and Archives Canada.
Creator / Provenance
Biography / Administrative history
Born in Leising, Saxony and died at Ingolstadt. Apianus was a geographer and astronomer Royal at Ingolstadt. In 1528 he set up a printing press with his brothers Georg and Martin. Famous for his woodcut world maps on truncated cordiform projection.
Includes illustrations of ships and sea monsters, windheads and mythical figures.
"I" appears in the lower right margin
Rodney Shirley's The Mapping of the World (1983), entry 82 indicates this copy was probably printed in 1544, 1545, 1548. 1550, 1551 or 1553 from the first woodblock cut for this map. This is based on the fact that the word "Europa" is at an angle and the outline for Britain lacks the names "Anglia and Scotia".
Physical condition note
Cartographic math data
Citation / reference note
Layng, Entry 278
Availability of other formats note
World - Maps - Early works to 1600 .
Other system control no.
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