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Description found in Archives

Portrait of Major John Norton, Teyoninhokarawen, the Mohawk Chief [graphic material]. 

Discrete item consists of



Place of creation

United Kingdom

1 painting miniature; watercolour on ivory.

Scope and content

Miniature portrait of Captain Major John Norton, also known as "Snipe" or "Teyoninhokarawen", the Mohawk Chief (ca. 1760-1851), painted by Mary Ann Knight (1776-1851), an accomplished English miniaturist. Teyoninhokarawen was born John Norton in Salen, Scotland, of Scottish and Cherokee parentage. Military records show he went to Canada and after discharge from the army in 1788, went to live with the Grand River Mohawk Indians, later becoming the adopted nephew of Joseph Brant. His portrait shows Norton in Indian dress with headdress and ostrich feather, trade silver earrings and small ring brooches covering his shirt. It was exhibited at the Royal Academy in 1805. It was painted during his visit to England when he acted as an interpreter and emissary for the Grand River Mohawks, bringing their grievances to the attention of the British government.

Graphic (art)
90: Open
Physical access given through an art arc
Archival reference no.
Other accession no.
1984-119 PIC

Terms of use

Copyright is expired. Credit the National Archives of Canada.

Accession file; The Journal of Major John Norton 1816, edited with introductions and notes by Carl F. Klinck and James J. Talman, 1970. 1984-119 (Paper)

Item described in Minisis. 1984-119-1 (Electronic)

Additional information

Information about this portrait can be found in "A Place in History" (National Archives of Canada, 1991), pp. 164-7.

Custodial history
Acquired at Christie's, London, England.


Related control no.

1984-119 PIC