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Description found in Archives
Series part of
Place of creation
No place, unknown, or undetermined
Language of material
Scope and content
Series consists of general operational records created and/or maintained by the Stikine Agency. Volumes 10921-10922 consist of files dealing with trapping and trapline registration. When the provincial government decided in 1926 to begin enforcing a registration system in the northern sector of B. C., a great deal of difficulty was experienced in the Stikine Agency. A combination of poor maps, the nomadic lifestyle of the Indian people, and confusions in the registration system itself resulted in conflicts between Native and White trappers and federal and provincial authorities. In May 1932 a conference of government officials was convened to clear the tangle of problems. Most of the files in volumes 10921-10922 date from the post-1932 years and include not only applications, maps and correspondence concerning traplines but also commentary on trapping conditions. Some files also contain material on membership and enfranchisement, medical and social assistance, and family matters. Volumes 12696-12709 consist primarily of case files dealing with members of the Tahltan band. The case files are of three types: personal, trapline and estate files. The personal files contain a miscellany of documents, including x-ray reports and other health records, applications for family allowance and social assistance, tax records, travel permits, crime reports and copies of birth, marriage and death registrations. Apart from the case files, there are a small number of Tahltan band membership lists and a balance book. The date range for these volumes is 1927-1957.
Conditions of access
Copyright belongs to the Crown.
The finding aid is a typed file list consisting of volume number, file number, title and outside dates. 10-66 66 (Paper)
Biography / Administrative history
It was not until reserves were established for the Tahltans in 1905 that an agency was set up for the Indian inhabitants of the northwest corner of British Columbia. The first agent was appointed in January 1906. With headquarters at Telegraph Creek on the Stikine River, the agency was first known as the Cassiar Agency but changed later to Stikine Agency. The scope of the agency's activity was broadened over the years to take in the Kaska Indians of the Liard and Dease River areas, the Atlin and Teslin Lake Tlingits, as well as nomadic bands from the Nelson River and Fort Grahame areas. When commissioners from the Royal Commission on Indian Affairs for the province of B. C. visited the region in 1915-16, they recommended the establishment of a number of reserves, most of which were not surveyed until 1928-29. Even with reserves, many of the Indians in this agency remained semi-nomadic, trapping and hunting. There was much cross-border activity (B. C. - Yukon) with parts of bands in some cases registered on band lists in B. C. and parts in Yukon. With the opening of the Alaska Highway in 1943, Indians began to gravitate to locations on or near the road with the result that by the late 1940s the rationale for the agency headquarters at Telegraph Creek was diminished. After years of discussion a merger was finally effected in 1954 of the Stikine and Yukon agencies. Whitehorse became headquarters for the new Yukon Agency and an assistant superintendent was left at Telegraph Creek. Finding aid 10-12: Guide to Indian Bands and Agencies in Western Canada, 1871-1959.
Related control no.
1. 1982-83/029 GAD
2. 1993-94/145 VFRC
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