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Description found in Archives

Lands Patent Branch [textual record (some microform), cartographic material]. 

Series consists of

Date(s)

1835-1961

Place of creation

No place, unknown, or undetermined

258.75 m of textual records
ca. 22,675 aperture cards
ca. 4467 maps
2 p.

Scope and content

Series consists of records created and maintained by the Land Patents Branch. The records primarily consist of registers (and indexes to these registers) documenting the alienation of land from the Crown under a variety of special granting schemes. Such grants were either made under the authority of the Dominion Lands Act or involved special legislation as in the case of military land grants. RG15M 79003-41 consists of township plans of the Canadian West arranged by township range and meridian from east to west, and four miscellaneous items.

Textual records: microform
90: Open
Textual records
90: Open
Cartographic material
Microfiche NMC117516
90: Open
Cartographic material
90: Open
Box
from 2000014813 to 2000014890
from 2000014892 to 2000014936
from 2000014954 to 2000015025
2001065369
2001070977 Item no. assigned by LAC 1737 -- 1762
Item no. assigned by LAC 1763 -- 1782
Item no. assigned by LAC 1783 -- 1799
Item no. assigned by LAC 1807 -- 1833
Item no. assigned by LAC 1834 -- 1853
Item no. assigned by LAC 1854 -- 1878
Item no. assigned by LAC 1879 -- 1899
Item no. assigned by LAC 1900 -- 1903
Item no. assigned by LAC 1917 -- 1941
Item no. assigned by LAC 1942 -- 1963
Item no. assigned by LAC 1964 -- 1974; 1977
Item no. assigned by LAC 1982 -- 2001
Item no. assigned by LAC 2002 -- 2021
Item no. assigned by LAC 2022 -- 2042
Item no. assigned by LAC 2043 -- 2053
Item no. assigned by LAC 2067 -- 2089
Item no. assigned by LAC 2090 -- 2116
Item no. assigned by LAC 2117 -- 2139
Item no. assigned by LAC 2140 -- 2159
Item no. assigned by LAC 2160 -- 2186
Item no. assigned by LAC 2187 -- 2205
Item no. assigned by LAC 2206 -- 2223
Item no. assigned by LAC 2224 -- 2245
Item no. assigned by LAC 2246 -- 2261
Item no. assigned by LAC 2269 -- 2292
Item no. assigned by LAC 2293 -- 2312
Item no. assigned by LAC 2313 -- 2338
Item no. assigned by LAC 2339 -- 2359
Item no. assigned by LAC 2360 -- 2371; 2373 -- 2375
Item no. assigned by LAC 2376 -- 2393
Item no. assigned by LAC 2394 -- 2415
Item no. assigned by LAC 2416 -- 2444
Item no. assigned by LAC 2445 -- 2446
Item no. assigned by LAC 2447 -- 2485
Item no. assigned by LAC 2486 -- 2511
Item no. assigned by LAC 2512 -- 2531
Item no. assigned by LAC 2532 -- 2553
Item no. assigned by LAC 2554 -- 2572
Item no. assigned by LAC 2573 -- 2591; 2593 -- 2594
Item no. assigned by LAC 2595 -- 2622
Item no. assigned by LAC 2623 -- 2647
Item no. assigned by LAC 2648 -- 2673
Item no. assigned by LAC 2674 -- 2689
Item no. assigned by LAC 2690 -- 2705
Item no. assigned by LAC 2706 -- 2725
Item no. assigned by LAC 2726 -- 2749
Item no. assigned by LAC 2750 -- 2773
Item no. assigned by LAC 2774 -- 2797
Item no. assigned by LAC 2798 -- 2822
Item no. assigned by LAC 2823 -- 2842
Item no. assigned by LAC 2843 -- 2871
Item no. assigned by LAC 2872 -- 2895
Item no. assigned by LAC 2896 -- 2906; 2909; 2911 -- 2926
Item no. assigned by LAC 2927 -- 2945
Item no. assigned by LAC 2946 -- 2966
Item no. assigned by LAC 2967 -- 2983
Item no. assigned by LAC 2984 -- 3003
Item no. assigned by LAC 3004 -- 3023
Item no. assigned by LAC 3024 -- 3048
Item no. assigned by LAC 3049 -- 3069
Item no. assigned by LAC 3070 -- 3089
Item no. assigned by LAC 3090 -- 3111
Item no. assigned by LAC 3112 -- 3123
Item no. assigned by LAC 3124 -- 3146
Item no. assigned by LAC 3147 -- 3168
Item no. assigned by LAC 3169 -- 3193
Item no. assigned by LAC 3194 -- 3214
Item no. assigned by LAC 3215 -- 3239
Item no. assigned by LAC 3240 -- 3263
Item no. assigned by LAC 3264 -- 3287
Item no. assigned by LAC 3288 -- 3305
Item no. assigned by LAC 3306; 3308 -- 3328
Item no. assigned by LAC 3329 -- 3352
Item no. assigned by LAC 3353 -- 3379
Item no. assigned by LAC 3380 -- 3397
Item no. assigned by LAC 3398 -- 3416
Item no. assigned by LAC 3417 -- 3425; 3427 -- 3430; 3432 -- 3437
Item no. assigned by LAC 3438 -- 3456
Item no. assigned by LAC 3479 -- 3484; 3486 -- 3501
Item no. assigned by LAC 3502 -- 3524
Item no. assigned by LAC 3525 -- 3547
Item no. assigned by LAC 3548 -- 3554; 3557 -- 3576
Item no. assigned by LAC 3577 -- 3602
Item no. assigned by LAC 3603 -- 3623
Item no. assigned by LAC 3624 -- 3643
Item no. assigned by LAC 3644 -- 3670
Item no. assigned by LAC 3671 -- 3692
Item no. assigned by LAC 3693 -- 3712
Item no. assigned by LAC 3713 -- 3731
Item no. assigned by LAC 3732 -- 3750
Item no. assigned by LAC 3751 -- 3763
Item no. assigned by LAC 3764 -- 3789
Item no. assigned by LAC 3790 -- 3809
Item no. assigned by LAC 3810 -- 3828
Item no. assigned by LAC 3829 -- 3847
Item no. assigned by LAC 3848 -- 3865
Item no. assigned by LAC 3866 -- 3887
Item no. assigned by LAC 3888 -- 3905
Item no. assigned by LAC 3906 -- 3917; 3919 -- 3928
Item no. assigned by LAC 3929 -- 3953
Item no. assigned by LAC 3954 -- 3975
Item no. assigned by LAC 3976 -- 3994
Item no. assigned by LAC 3995 -- 4011
Item no. assigned by LAC 4012 -- 4029
Item no. assigned by LAC 4030 -- 4056
Item no. assigned by LAC 4057 -- 4072
Item no. assigned by LAC 4073 -- 4101
Item no. assigned by LAC 4102 -- 4126
Item no. assigned by LAC 4127 -- 4155
Item no. assigned by LAC 4156 -- 4175
Item no. assigned by LAC 4176 -- 4196
Item no. assigned by LAC 4197 -- 4223
Item no. assigned by LAC 4224 -- 4245
Item no. assigned by LAC 4246 -- 4270
Item no. assigned by LAC 4271 -- 4299
Item no. assigned by LAC 4300 -- 4313
Item no. assigned by LAC 4314 -- 4333
Item no. assigned by LAC 4334 -- 4354
Item no. assigned by LAC 4355 -- 4367
Item no. assigned by LAC 4368 -- 4394
Item no. assigned by LAC 4395 -- 4414
Item no. assigned by LAC 4415 -- 4438
Item no. assigned by LAC 4439 -- 4463
Item no. assigned by LAC 2; 5 -- 7; 9; 14 -- 15; 24; 27 -- 28
Item no. assigned by LAC 34; 36 -- 37; 39; 41; 45 -- 46; 50 -- 52; 54
Item no. assigned by LAC 55 -- 56; 61 -- 65; 68 -- 76
Item no. assigned by LAC 77 -- 113
Item no. assigned by LAC 115 -- 116; 122; 124 -- 125; 127 -- 132; 135; 139
Item no. assigned by LAC 143 -- 144; 149 -- 150; 152; 163; 167
Item no. assigned by LAC 174; 179; 183; 186; 190 -- 191
Item no. assigned by LAC 195 -- 196; 199 -- 203; 206 -- 207; 210 -- 215; 218
Item no. assigned by LAC 228 -- 231; 234; 236; 243 -- 245; 247 -- 249
Item no. assigned by LAC 289
Item no. assigned by LAC 335 -- 336
Item no. assigned by LAC 377; 386
Item no. assigned by LAC 409 -- 410
Item no. assigned by LAC 430
Item no. assigned by LAC 454; 464
Item no. assigned by LAC 519; 521; 526
Item no. assigned by LAC 530
Item no. assigned by LAC 556
Item no. assigned by LAC 591
Item no. assigned by LAC 627
Item no. assigned by LAC 677; 689; 693
Item no. assigned by LAC 816 -- 818; 824
Item no. assigned by LAC 858 -- 859
Item no. assigned by LAC 861 -- 862; 866 -- 869; 874; 878 -- 879; 883; 891 -- 892
Item no. assigned by LAC 914; 916 -- 917
Item no. assigned by LAC 940; 949 -- 950
Item no. assigned by LAC 969; 976; 978; 980
Item no. assigned by LAC 984; 993; 1003
Item no. assigned by LAC 1010; 1012; 1017 -- 1021; 1028 -- 1031
Item no. assigned by LAC 1037 -- 1054
Item no. assigned by LAC 1064 -- 1065; 1067 -- 1082
Item no. assigned by LAC 1083 -- 1092; 1094; 1098; 1100
Item no. assigned by LAC 1101 -- 1128
Item no. assigned by LAC 1129 -- 1146
Item no. assigned by LAC 1158 -- 1178
Item no. assigned by LAC 1179; 1181 -- 1197
Item no. assigned by LAC 1198 -- 1200
Item no. assigned by LAC 1216 -- 1235
Item no. assigned by LAC 1236 -- 1260
Item no. assigned by LAC 1261 -- 1283
Item no. assigned by LAC 1284 -- 1289
Item no. assigned by LAC 1301 -- 1328
Item no. assigned by LAC 1330 -- 1333; 1340
Item no. assigned by LAC 1345 -- 1351; 1355; 1358 -- 1359
Item no. assigned by LAC 1369 -- 1374; 1384 -- 1385
Item no. assigned by LAC 1392 -- 1412
Item no. assigned by LAC 1413 -- 1431
Item no. assigned by LAC 1432 -- 1456
Item no. assigned by LAC 1457 -- 1488
Item no. assigned by LAC 1489 -- 1504
Item no. assigned by LAC 1512 -- 1532
Item no. assigned by LAC 1533 -- 1550
Item no. assigned by LAC 1551 -- 1576
Item no. assigned by LAC 1577 -- 1578; 1581 -- 1594
Item no. assigned by LAC 1600 -- 1609; 1618
Item no. assigned by LAC 1622 -- 1638
Item no. assigned by LAC 1639 -- 1642
Item no. assigned by LAC 1657 -- 1672
Item no. assigned by LAC 1673 -- 1681
Item no. assigned by LAC 1692 -- 1715
Item no. assigned by LAC 1716 -- 1728
Item no. assigned by LAC 3457 -- 3478
90: Open
Archival reference no.
Former archival reference no.

Terms of use

Copyright belongs to the Crown.

Cartographic material; textual record Finding aid consists of a detailed item listing. The researcher is also referred to township plans in the main collection and to other accessions of RG15. Finding aid available in main reference room. RG15M 79003/41. 90 (Paper)

Biography / Administrative history

The Lands Patents Branch was primarily responsible for issuing Letters Patent on Dominion Lands. Letters Patent are instruments issued by the Crown, which grant or confirm title to a portion of land. Letters Patent are issued as the first title to land, and they serve as proof that the land has been alienated from the Crown. Before Letters Patent could be issued to a homesteader, the land had to be accurately described and located through cadastral surveys. As well, the Dominion Lands Act required that each homesteader provide proof that the land had been improved that it had increased in value or utility through some additions (cultivation, building construction, etc.) costing labour and/or capital. The Dominion Lands Act clearly stipulated what improvements had to be made to a land grant before a homesteader would be issued his/her Letters Patent by the Crown.

When a homesteader felt that he met all the conditions of his homestead entry, as outlined in the Dominion Lands Act, he filed an application or fiat with his local Dominion Lands Office. At first, the application was completely processed from Ottawa and required the approval of Cabinet, acting on the advice of officials from the Department of the Interior and Justice. The Patent itself was issued by the Registrar General's Office of the Department of the Secretary of State. But this arrangement proved to be far too awkward and bureaucratic. Consequently, in an effort to improve the situation, the revised Dominion Lands Act of 1883 (46 Vic., c. 17, s. 70) passed complete responsibility for the issuing of letters patent on western homesteads to the Department of the Interior.

As a result of this move, the processing of the homesteader's application was to be divided between two separate agencies within the department: the Dominion Lands Board, which had been created just two years previously, and the Dominion Lands Office. The latter had always performed administrative tasks for the Department in the issuing of Lands Patent before passing them to the Department of the Secretary of State, but now under the new Act, it would be responsible for everything, exception adding the Great Seal of Canada. To assist the Branch in its added responsibilities, staff of the Department of the Secretary of State, who had been involved in the issuing of Letters Patent, were transferred to the Department of the Interior under Order-in-Council, P.C. 2489, 7-10 December 1883. By the end of the 1883-84 fiscal year, the Dominion Lands Office was renamed the Lands Patent Branch. Although Andrew Russell was still officially in charge of the unit, ill health prevented him from performing his duties, and William M. Goodeve filled the role of Chief Clerk on an acting assignment. Upon Russell's retirement about a year later, Goodeve was moved into the position on a permanent basis (see Order-in-Council, P.C. 564, 16 March 1885).

On receipt of an application from the local lands office, the Dominion Lands Board was now given the responsibility of undertaking all initial screening and validation of the claim, including the dispatching of a homestead inspector to the property to confirm that the proper improvements had been made. If the Board approved the application, the fiat would then be forwarded to Ottawa for the "preparation and issuance of patents" by the Land Patents Branch. At first, the Letters Patent were completely hand-written, but by the time the new Land Patents Branch was fully functional, printed patents had been introduced, which helped to speed up the processing of the applications even further. After the formation of the Land Patents Branch, the only input required by other federal agencies was the application of the Great Seal of Canada by the Secretary of State.

The new Land Patents Branch also administered applications for grants of land for churches, schools, and other purposes; applications for purchase of Dominion Lands; railway rights-of-way; and provincial roads through unpatented lands. From 1884 to 1928, the Branch was headed by a chief clerk who reported to the Deputy Minister of Dominion Lands. When the settlement of the Prairies was near completion in 1928, the Branch was down graded to Divisional status, and the Commissioner of Dominion Lands took direct responsibility for the issuing of Letters Patent. After the transfer of natural resources to the western provinces in 1930, the Land Patents Division continued its function but its jurisdiction was limited to the Yukon and the Northwest Territories. When the Department of the Interior was finally disbanded in 1936, the Registrar of Dominion Land Patents was placed under the Department of Mines and Resources. It remained in this department from 11 January 1937 to 17 November 1949. For the short period from 28 January 1950 to 19 June 1950, the Registrar was under the Department of Resources and Development. RG15 General Inventory

Additional information

Custodial history
RG15M 79003/41 transferred to the Public Archives of Canada by the Realty Policy Division of Parks Canada in 1980.

Source of title
Title is based on the contents of the series.

Related materials
Since the Land Patents Branch functioned throughout most of its history under the authority of the Commissioner of Dominion Lands, it did not maintain a separate registry system, but instead filed much of its day-to-day correspondence with the Dominion Lands Branch. What remains of these records today can be found in the Branch registry sub-series of this fonds (MIKAN 156349, R190-36-2-E, RG15-D-II-1).

The issuing of Letters Patent on Indian reserve lands was eventually also transferred from of the Registrar General. In October 1886 the Department of Indian Affairs assumed this responsibility. However, the Registrar's Branch of the Secretary of State continued to issue Letters Patent on Ordnance and Admiralty Lands up to 1960 (see appendix 4.3e of the RG 68 inventory).

Cartographic math data
Cartographic material: RG15M 79003/41 - Scales differ.

Subject heading

Government

Related control no.

1. 1973-74/092
2. 79003/41 CA
3. RG15M 79003/41
4. RG15-D-III