Archives Search


Search only: Library, Archives Advanced Search, Ancestors, Images, Search All

To submit a comment, contact webservices@lac-bac.gc.ca

Search Help

Description found in Archives

Mitchell Sharp fonds [multiple media]. 

Date(s)

1933-2003

Place of creation

Canada

34.6 m of textual records.
ca. 1555 photographs : b&w and col.
1 audio reel (1 h).
1 videocassette (1 h, 40 min).
64 drawings : 40 caricatures and 24 masterpiece
1 nylon flag : 59.5 x 94.0 cm.
2 paintings.
1 stonecut
1 book

Scope and content

Fonds documents over forty years of public policy formation from the administrations of William Lyon Mackenzie King to Pierre Elliott Trudeau and provides a link between the civil service, government and the private sector through the career of a key political figure, Mitchell Sharp. Sharp's civil service career which began during the Second World War is documented through reports, correspondence, and memorandum created primarily during his appointments as Associate Deputy and Deputy Minister of Trade and Commerce. Over 80 per cent of the fonds documents his political career including his involvement with the Liberal Party, his role as Member of Parliament and his tenure in some of the key cabinet positions during the 1960's and 1970's. This fonds includes records concerning his postings as Minister of Trade and Commerce, Secretary of State for External Affairs and President of the Privy Council Office, and gives excellent insight into Sharp's involvement in international affairs, trade and parliamentary reform. It also illustrates the political process, from the constituency level, to Sharp's 1968 bid for the leadership of the Liberal Party. In and of itself, this fonds provides valuable information on the organization and policies of the Liberal Party during this period, at the national level and to some extent at the provincial level. Also documented is Mr. Sharp's post-political career as Commissioner of the Northern Pipeline Agency and as a consultant with Strategico Inc. and his continued interest in such issues as trade, international relations, cooperation between business and government, conflict of interest, ethics and parliamentary reform. This fonds consists of seven series: Trade and Commerce, 1951-1966, 6.00 m., volumes 1-30; External Affairs, 1963-1976, 13.00 m., volumes 31-95; Liberal Party, 1962-1974, 3.16 m., volumes 96-111; Privy Council Office, 1966-1976, 2.40 m., volumes 112-123; Member of Parliament, 1942-1978, 4.75 m., volumes 123-146; Personal, 1937-1993, 1.60 m., volumes 146-154; and Post-Political, 1969-1993, 3.70 m., volumes 154-174. One of the photo acquisitions consists of three photo albums; the first one is a trip to Brussels with Governor General of Canada, Mr. Roland Mitchener when Mitchell Sharp was Minister of External Affairs in 1971; the second one is entitled "Souvenir album of the State Visit of the Excellencies of the Governor General and Mrs. Mitchener to the Netherlands, 14-17 April,1971" and the third one is entitled " La conférence sur la sécurité et la coopération en Europe, Helsinki, Finlande, 1973". The content includes individuals photographs of all members, including a photograph of Mitchell Sharp for Canada plus one group photograph. Another photo acquisition also consists of three photo albums documenting Mitchell Sharp's state visit to Israel in 1969 (20 b&w photos) and the USSR in 1974 (25 b&w photos) and an official visit to the North-West Territories in 1972 (10 colour photos). Also included in fonds are photographs relating to the career of Mitchell Sharp. Photos taken by Capital Press, National Film Board of Canada, Dominion-Wide, David Harris, and others. Also consists of fourteen photographs of Mitchell Sharp and political colleagues such as Lester Pearson, Pierre Elliott Trudeau, Edward Heath and others. Also included in fonds are moving image and sound recordings of several interviews with Mitchell Sharp about his career as a member of the federal public service, cabinet minister and about his career after leaving politics, 1956-1999. Also included in this fonds is a series of 21 editorial cartoons by the following artists: James Reidford, Kuch, Ed Franklin, Rusins Kaufmanis, Ed McNally, Duncan Macpherson, Bob Chambers, Yardley Jones, Aislin, and Jan Kamienski. The caricatures lampoon Mitchell Sharp as a federal public servant in various Liberal governments. Also includes 19 caricature drawings by various Canadian caricaturists dating from 1955 to the 1960s covering various controversial events during Sharp's political career. Also included in this fonds is one (1) nylon flag being a proposed design for the 1964 National Flag Competition. Fonds also consists of two oil paintings of Mitchell Sharp by Bernard Aimé Poulin and one Inuit engraving showing Hunter with animals, laid down, produced in 1963. Also includes a portfolio containing 24 masterpiece drawings by Utamaro [Tokyo, 1963]. Reproduction. Also consists of the publication "The Loyalists of New Brunswick", 1955, signed, first edition. It has has been catalogued within the Portrait Program's reference library.

Textual records
Graphic (photo)
90: Open
to be viewed with the assistance of a ph
oto archivist.
Sound recordings
18: Restricted
Sound recording: Researchers must receiv
e written permission from donor to consult this record.
Moving images (video)
90: Open
Graphic (art)
90: Open
To be viewed with the assistance of an a
rt archivist.
Object
90: Open
Protective supervision is required durin
g consultation.
Graphic (photo)
90: Open
Volume
from 177 to 184
90: Open
Graphic (photo)
90: Open
Volume
from 188 to 189
90: Open
Graphic (photo)
90: Open
Volume
194
90: Open
Graphic (photo)
90: Open
Box
07439
90: Open
Graphic (photo)
90: Open
Box
C 0555
90: Open
Graphic (photo)
90: Open
Box
TCS 01341
90: Open
Graphic (photo)
90: Open
Box
TCS 01404
90: Open
Graphic (art)
90: Open
Volume
from 185 to 187 Item no. assigned by LAC 22
90: Open
Graphic (art)
90: Open
Volume
from 190 to 193
90: Open
Object
90: Open
Volume
185 Item no. assigned by LAC 23
90: Open
Archival reference no.
Former archival reference no.

Terms of use

Photographs: No restrictions on use. Copyright expired on photographs more than 50 years old. Various copyrights on photographs of less than 50 years old. Credit: National Archives of Canada.
Sound recording: Access requires written permission of donor. Reproduction with written permission of copyright owner and donor.
Moving images: No restrictions on use. Reproduction with written permission of copyright owner.
Drawings: No restrictions on use. Various copyrights.
Object (nylon flag): No restrictions on use. Copyright u3known. Credit: Library and Archives Canada.
Paintings: No restrictions on use.

Textual records File level description. MSS1966 90 (Electronic)
http://data2.archives.ca/pdf/pdf001/p000000524.pdf

Sound recording Refer to MINISIS for item-level description. (Electronic)

Moving images Refer to MINISIS for item-level description. (Electronic)

Drawings Item-level descriptions available on-line in Minisis-icon: isn #198968 to isn # 198974; isn #198976 to isn #198989 and isn #201817. 90 (Electronic)

Object Item-level description available on-line in Minisis-icon: isn #201854. 90 (Electronic)

Biography / Administrative history

Mitchell William Sharp, politician and public servant, was born in 1911 in Winnipeg, Manitoba. He left school in 1925, but continued his studies on a part-time basis, earning a B.A. in economics from the University of Manitoba in 1934. For the following two years, 1934-1936, Sharp proceeded with post-graduate studies in Canadian history and economics at that university while working as a researcher for a Winnipeg firm. In 1937, he attended the London School of Economics as part of the training for his new position of economist with the Winnipeg grain-trade firm of James Richardson & Sons Ltd.

In 1942, Sharp left Richardson's to take a wartime posting with the Department of Finance in Ottawa. He remained with the federal public service, rising to Director of the Economic Policy Division of the Department of Finance in 1947, and then moving in 1951 to the Department of Trade and Commerce as Associate Deputy Minister. In 1957, Sharp became Deputy Minister of Trade and Commerce, resigning the following year to take a position as Vice-President of Brazilian Traction, Light & Power Co. In 1962, he resigned from that firm in order to run as the Liberal candidate for Parliament for the Toronto riding of Eglinton.

Sharp ran unsuccessfully in this riding in the general election of 1962, and successfully in the general election of 1963. He was re-elected in the general elections of 1965, 1968, 1972, and 1974. He resigned his seat on May 1, 1976.

When Sharp won the riding in 1963, he was sworn to the Privy Council as Minister of Trade and Commerce in the new Liberal government. Two years later, in 1965, he returned to the Department of Finance as Minister, a position he held until 1968. Prior to the Liberal leadership convention of that year, Sharp had been a contender for the Party leadership, but withdrew before the convention and supported Pierre Trudeau. Following the general election of 1968, Sharp was named as Secretary of State for External Affairs, a position he held until 1974. In that year, he became President of the Privy Council and Leader of the Government in the House of Commons.

Sharp resigned from Cabinet in 1976 and from Parliament in 1978, becoming Commissioner of the Northern Pipeline Agency. He was also Co-Chairman of the Task Force on Conflict of Interest from July 1983 to May 1984. Sharp left the Northern Pipeline Agency in 1988 and became a Policy Associate with Strategico. In 1993, he was named as Special Advisor to Prime Minister Chretien.

Mitchell Sharp died in Ottawa, Ontario in March, 2004.

Additional information

Received from Mitchell Sharp in 1986 and 2000.

Related materials
The records of the Minister of Finance and Receiver General of Canada during Sharp's years as minister, are found in RG 19, the records of the Department of Finance. Records from Sharp's years as Executive Assistant to Prime Minister Jean Chrétien are located in the latter's private fonds, R-11344, within containers 1280 to 1289 and 1504.

Subject heading

1. Taxation - Law and legislation Liberal Party of Canada.
2. Canada. Department of External Affairs.
3. Canada. Dept. of Trade and Commerce.

Private

Other system control no.

Related control no.

1. 1997-049 DAP
2. 2000-0024 VSA
3. 2000-0031 VSA
4. 115-020377-3
5. 2000-00004-5
6. 2000-00094-0
7. 2003-02686-X
8. 2009-00076-5
9. 2011-00059-9
10. R4515-0-0-E