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Description found in Archives

Neilson collection [textual record, graphic material, philatelic record]. 

Collection consists of

Date(s)

1666-1912

Place of creation

Québec (Province)

10.36 m of textual records.
7 drawings : pencil and wash.
2017 postal covers.

Scope and content

Collection consists of many documents, distributed in the following series: John Neilson senior and his family; Brown and Gilmore, printers; Quebec Gazette, and various documents (correspondence, reports, newspaper clipping, etc. and 1837 promissory note) in Historical Miscellenea and Addenda series. The complete collection has been microfilmed and this material is located on microfilm reels C-13100, C-15611 to C-15618, C-15676 to C-15679, C-15769 to C-15787 and H-1829. Collection also consists of a sketchbook illustrating the Chaudière Falls, Lake Tsigonomi, the Saguenay and Lake Saint-Jean regions. Works by Samuel Neilson Jr. Collection also consists of 2017 postal covers for the period 1766 to 1858.

Graphic (art)
90: Open
Philatelic records
90: Open
Textual records
Microfilm reel C-15785
90: Open
Textual records
Microfilm reel C-15770
90: Open
Textual records
Microfilm reel C-15613
90: Open
Textual records
Microfilm reel C-15614
90: Open
Textual records
Microfilm reel C-15611
90: Open
Textual records
Microfilm reel C-15618
90: Open
Textual records
Microfilm reel C-15773
90: Open
Textual records
Microfilm reel C-15781
90: Open
Textual records
Microfilm reel C-15783
90: Open
Textual records
Microfilm reel C-15769
90: Open
Textual records
Microfilm reel C-15787
90: Open
Textual records
Microfilm reel H-1829
90: Open
Textual records
Microfilm reel C-15771
90: Open
Textual records
Microfilm reel C-15677
90: Open
Textual records
Microfilm reel C-15774
90: Open
Textual records
Microfilm reel C-15780
90: Open
Textual records
Microfilm reel C-15616
90: Open
Textual records
Microfilm reel C-15784
90: Open
Textual records
Microfilm reel C-15676
90: Open
Textual records
Microfilm reel C-15678
90: Open
Textual records
Microfilm reel C-15772
90: Open
Textual records
Microfilm reel C-15775
90: Open
Textual records
Microfilm reel C-15615
90: Open
Textual records
Microfilm reel C-15617
90: Open
Textual records
Microfilm reel C-15786
90: Open
Textual records
Microfilm reel C-15612
90: Open
Textual records
Microfilm reel C-15679
90: Open
Textual records
Microfilm reel C-13100
90: Open
Textual records
Microfilm reel C-15776
90: Open
Textual records
Microfilm reel C-15777
90: Open
Textual records
Microfilm reel C-15778
90: Open
Textual records
Microfilm reel C-15779
90: Open
Textual records
Microfilm reel C-15782
90: Open
Textual records
90: Open
Volume
from 1 to 193
23A
39A
156/A
90: Open
Archival reference no.
Former archival reference no.

Terms of use

Graphic material: No restrictions. Copyright: expired. Credit: National Archives of Canada.
Textual records: Access to the collection is unrestricted, but as the complete collection has been microfilmed as a protective measure, researchers must use the microfilm reels.
Philatelic record: Access to the collection is unrestricted, but as the complete collection has been microfilmed as a protective measure, researchers must use the microfilm reels.

Textual records The introduction to Finding Aid 119 includes a table of contents, a general description of the collection, a categorical summary of the family and business records, and a microfilm shelf list. The finding aid, with the microfilm shelf list, is also available on reel C-15618. MSS0119-1 90 (Electronic)
http://data2.archives.ca/pdf/pdf001/p000001699.pdf

Textual records This is Part One of the finding aid. It provides a descriptive list of contents, arranged alphabetically, for volumes 1 to 18. MSS0119-2 90 (Electronic)
http://data2.archives.ca/pdf/pdf001/p000001700.pdf

Textual records This is also Part One of the finding aid. It contains a description of volumes 19 to 193 including an alphabetically arranged description of the correspondence. MSS0119-3 90 (Electronic)
http://data2.archives.ca/pdf/pdf001/p000001701.pdf

Textual records This is Part Two of the finding aid. It contains a chronological list of correspondence in volumes 1-14, 18, 20, 32 and 35-38. The list identifies the date, author, volume and page for each letter, in chronological order. MSS0119-4 90 (Electronic)
http://data2.archives.ca/pdf/pdf001/p000001702.pdf

Textual records This is a continuation of Part Two of the finding aid. It continues and completes the chronological description of the correspondence. MSS0119-5 90 (Electronic)
http://data2.archives.ca/pdf/pdf001/p000001703.pdf

Philatelic records The finding aid is a list that describes the postal covers. CPA-263 90 (Electronic)
http://data2.archives.ca/pdf/pdf001/p000001809.pdf

Biography / Administrative history

John Neilson 1775-1848, emigrated from Scotland in 1790 to join his brother Samuel Neilson (1771-1793), who had succeeded their uncle William Brown (1738-1789) as proprietor of the Quebec Gazette. John Neilson succeeded as proprietor in 1797. He gradually assumed a number of public offices and responsibilities, including membership in the Legislative Assembly of Lower Canada, 1818-1834 and 1841-1844, and a seat on the Legislative Council, 1844-1848. He was an active Reformer, in association with Louis-Joseph Papineau and Denis-Benjamin Viger, until 1834, and was a delegate to London in 1822 and 1828 with other Reformers and in 1835 on behalf of the Lower Canada Constitutional Association.

Additional information

Documents collected by George M. Fairchild, relating to the history of Valcartier were received from Miss C.N. Fairchild of Bergerville, Québec.

Custodial history
Some transcripts were made in 1908 from correspondence then in the possession of Col. Hubert Neilson of Cap Rouge (vol. 32-33). The bulk of the collection was acquired in 1911. Further transcriptions were made in 1924 (vol. 15) and some additional items were acquired in 1971-1972 and 1976 (vol. 192).

Arrangement note
The Neilson Collection is composed of material from various sources. In addition, John Louis Hubert Neilson, a grandson, had historical interests which led him to acquire documents, many of which became intermingled with the family papers. As a result, the content of volumes is difficult to categorize; neither dates nor type of document nor subjects provide accurate clues to the sequence of volumes. The material can be described within four basic series but volume titles must not be considered as exclusive definitions of their contents.

Citation / reference note
Portions of the collection were calendared on acquisition and the calendar was printed in the Public Archives REPORT for 1913, Appendix G and 1918, Appendix D. Those listings and the index of correspondence in volume 34 no longer relate to the arrangement of the collection.

Exhibitions note
Exhibition Title: Records of Our History: Canada, 1760-1815. Curator: Public Archives of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario; 1987.10-1988.03. (MG 24 B 1 vol.81; Printing Account Book, 1810)

Subject heading

1. Governmental investigations, 1834-1835 John Neilson Sr., 1834-1835.
2. Prisoners and prisons, 1834-1835 Marie Neilson, [1666-1912]
3. Neilson family, [1666-1912] John Neilson Jr., [1666-1912]
4. Seignorial tenure - Lower Canada, [1666-1854] Laura Moorhead Neilson, [1666-1912]
5. Property, [1666-1834] Mrs. John Moorhead, [1666-1912]
6. Land titles - Lower Canada, [1666-1854] Marguerite Moorhead, [1666-1912]
7. Landowners - Lower Canada, [1666-1854] Francois-Xavier Garneau, [1666-1912]
8. Mortgages, [1666-1854] Robert Christie, [1666-1912]
9. Deeds, [1666-1854] Louis-Joseph Papineau, [1666-1912]
10. Actions and defenses, [1666-1854] Denis-Benjamin Viger, [1666-1912]
11. Actions and defenses - Cases, [1666-1854] John Bennett, [1666-1912]
12. Politics and government - [1666-1912] William Gowan, [1666-1912]
13. Education, [1666-1912] Commission of Inquiry into Penitentiary Systems, 1834-1835.
14. Indians of North America, [1666-1912] Dominique Mondelet, 1834-1835.
15. Agriculture, [1666-1912] William Brown, [1763-1768], 1789-1790.
16. Poll books, 1827 Thomas Gilmore, [1763-1861]
17. Social welfare, [1666-1912] William Dunlop, 1763-1768.
18. Public welfare, [1666-1912] "Trifles from My Portfolio", 1839-1841.
19. John Neilson - Diaries, [1666-1912] Quebec Gazette, 1768-1846.
20. Business enterprises, [1666-1912] James Allison, 1823-1849.
21. John Neilson - Notebooks, sketchbooks, etc., [1666-1912] N. Radiger, 1814-1815.
22. Inventories, [1666-1912] Joseph Ballingall, 1817.
23. Estates (law), [1666-1912] Edward Laws, 1817.
24. Philadelphia (Pa.) - Printers, 1763-1768 La Gazette de Québec, 1768-1846.
25. Philadelphia (Pa.) - Printing industry, 1763-1768 John Barrow, 1823-1826.
26. Printing - Accounting, [1763-1768] Capt. Robert Barrie, 1823-1826.
27. Executors and administrators, 1789-1790 Walter Henry, 1839-1841.
28. William Brown - Estate, 1789-1790 John Neilson, [1813-1911]
29. Philadelphia (Pa.) - Apprentices, 1763-1768 G. M. Fairchild, [1813-1911]
30. Newspapers - Sections, columns, etc. - Letters to the Editor, [1793-1846] Great Britain. Royal Navy. Acting Commissioner, 1823-1826.
31. Québec (Québec) - Canadian newspapers (French), 1768-1845 Kingston (Upper Canada), 1823-1826.
32. Québec (Québec) - Canadian newspapers (English), 1768-1845 Quebec County (Quebec), 1827.
33. "Trifles from My Portfolio" - Authorship, 1839-1841.
34. Walter Henry - Authorship, 1839-1841.
35. Surgeons, 1839-1841.
36. Shipping - Accounting, [1763-1861]
37. Québec (Québec) - Printers, [1763-1861]
38. Printing industry - Records and correspondence, [1763-1861]
39. Booksellers and bookselling - Colportage, subscription trade, etc., 1839-1841.
40. Montreal (Quebec) - Emigration and immigration, 1823-1849.
41. Immigration agents - Montreal (Qué.) - Investigation, 1823-1849.
42. Clippings (Books, newspapers, etc.), [1813-1911]
43. Valcartier (Quebec) - Settlement, [1813-1911]
44. Valcartier (Quebec) - History, [1813-1911]
45. Great Britain. Royal Navy - Storekeepers, 1814-1815, 1817.
46. Great Britain. Royal Navy - Officers, 1823-1826.
47. Kingston (Upper Canada) - Navy yards and naval stations, 1823-1826.

Private

Other system control no.