Archives Search

Search only: Library, Archives Advanced Search, Ancestors, Images, Search All

To submit a comment, contact

Search Help

Description found in Archives

CO 387. Aylmer Papers [textual record]. 

Series consists of



Place of creation

No place, unknown, or undetermined

0.4 m of textual records : transcripts.

Scope and content

Colonial Office 387 consists of Lord Aylmer's official correspondence, public, private, and confidential, with the Colonial Office and with public and private individuals in North America. The class is made up of four sections: volumes 1-3, letters from the Colonial Office to Lord Aylmer 1830-1835; volumes 4-7, letters to the Colonial Office 1830-1835; volumes 8-10, Canadian correspondence 1830-1837; and volume 11, addresses and replies 1831-1835. This material is available on microfilm reel C-14022. The correspondence is largely of an official nature, the correspondents including Viscounts Goderich and Howick, the Rt. Hon. E. G. Stanley, R.W. Hay, the Rt. Hon. T. Spring Rice, Sir Arthur Wellesley, Duke of Wellington; the Earl of Aberdeen; Lord Glenelg; Sir George Murray; Sir James Kempt; Sir John Colborne; the Earl of Gosford; and various Canadian figures such as Lt. Col. John By, John Molson, Peter McGill, Bishop George Jehoshaphat Mountain, Robert Neilson, Louis-Joseph Papineau and others. Topics discussed include: appointments to the legislative council, patronage, land grants, emigration, the Clergy Reserves corporation, the British American Land Company, timber revenues, the provision of the public accounts for scrutiny by the assembly, rejection of supply bills, payment of the Civil List from the Military Chest, boundary disputes with the north eastern states, cholera epidemics, the expulsion of Robert Christie, Louis-Joseph Papineau, the Ninety-Two resolutions of the House of Assembly, and Lord Aylmer's recall.

Former archival reference no.

Terms of use

The transcripts have been withdrawn from circulation. Researchers must consult the microfilm of the transcripts.

Textual records The handwritten finding aid is a xerox copy of the descriptive list to volume 2 of the Aylmer Papers. The original copy of this list, as well as descriptive lists to all but volume 3 of the volumes copied by the National Archives of Canada are included with the collection preceding the relevant volume. The descriptive list notes each document, its date, sender or recipient, contents and page number of transcripts. In many cases, cross references to the "Q" Series are provided. MSS0649 90 (Electronic)

Additional name(s)

Biography / Administrative history

Matthew Aylmer, later Matthew Whitworth Aylmer, fifth baron Aylmer of Balrath, County Meath, Ireland, was born in 1775, the eldest son of Henry, fourth baron Aylmer, and Catherine, daughter of Sir Charles Whitworth and sister of Charles, Earl of Whitworth, whose surname and arms Lord Aylmer assumed by royal licence in 1825. He married Louisa Anne Call in 1801. She died in 1862.

Lord Aylmer entered the army in 1787 as an ensign with the 49th, or Hertfordshire Regiment of Foot and pursued a military career as Lieutenant Colonel of the Coldstream Guards, becoming aide-de-camp to the King in 1803. Aylmer served with Sir Arthur Wellesley in the Peninsular Wars. Aylmer attained the rank of general in 1825 and was living in retirement in the south of France in 1830.

Nominated as Governor-in-Chief of Upper and Lower Canada, there were delays in the preparation of his commissions. He served as Administrator of Lower Canada, succeeding Sir James Kempt, from his arrival in October 1830 until 4 February 1831 when he was sworn in as Governor. His period of government was marred by constant political upheaval which climaxed in 1834 with the Ninety-two Resolutions advanced by Louis-Joseph Papineau in the House of Assembly, some of which called for Aylmer's impeachment. Although Aylmer was recalled the next year, there was no censure implied. Lord Aylmer was gazetted a G.C.B. in 1836 and died in London, England in 1850.

Additional information

Custodial history
The papers, which are an example of the relatively few private collections in the Colonial Office records, were presented to the Colonial Office in 1897 by William, Lord North and were transcribed by the National Archives of Canada in 1938. Not transcribed were volume 1, 4 and 5 since they duplicate the despatches found in CO 42, vols. 228-260; CO 43, volumes 73-82 and various series in Record Group 7, Governor General's Office.

Subject heading

1. Colonial administrators - Lower Canada, 1830-1837 Lord Aylmer, 1830-1837.
2. Governors - Lower Canada, 1830-1837.
3. Colonial administrators - North America, 1830-1837.
4. Colonies - North America, 1830-1837.
5. Colonies. Great Britain
6. Colonies. Grande-Bretagne
7. Colonies Administration. Great Britain
8. Colonies Administration. Grande-Bretagne
9. Great Britain. Colonial Office.


Other system control no.