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Genealogy and Family History

What to Search: Topics

Census and Enumerations


Census Indexes

Census returns were enumerated geographically, not by name. The information for each sub-district was recorded in the order in which the enumerator visited each household. Many genealogical societies and individuals transcribe and index census returns by name and make them accessible on the Internet or publish them as books or CD-ROMs. Due to the poor legibility of some census pages, indexes are not 100% accurate. Indexes provide references to actual census pages. We recommend that you always consult those pages to find additional details.

Many census returns from 1831 to 1916 have been digitized and are currently available on multiple websites.

Census By Place By Name
1825 (Lower Canada)   FamilySearch.org
[www.familysearch.org/search
/collection/show#uri=
http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/
search/collection/1834346]
1831 (Lower Canada)   FamilySearch.org
[www.familysearch.org/search
/collection/show#uri=
http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/
search/collection/1834329]
1842 (Lower Canada)   FamilySearch.org
[www.familysearch.org/search
/collection/show#uri=
http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/
search/collection/1834340]
1851 Census of 1851 (Canada East, Canada West, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia) Ancestry.ca (subscription required)
[www.ancestry.ca]
Automated Genealogy
[http://automatedgenealogy.com/census/index.html]
FamilySearch.org
[www.familysearch.org/search
/collection/show#uri=
http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/
search/collection/1325192]
The 1852 and 1881 Historical Censuses of Canada
[www.prdh.umontreal.ca/census/en/main.aspx]
1861   Ancestry.ca (subscription required)
[www.ancestry.ca]
FamilySearch.org
[www.familysearch.org/search/
collection/list#page=
1&region=CANADA]
1871   Census of Canada, 1871
Census of Ontario, 1871
Ancestry.ca (subscription required)
[www.ancestry.ca]
FamilySearch.org
[www.familysearch.org/search
/collection/show#uri=
http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/
search/collection/1551612]
1881   Census of Canada, 1881
Ancestry.ca (subscription required)
[www.ancestry.ca]
FamilySearch.org
[www.familysearch.org/search
/collection/show#uri=
http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/
search/collection/1804541]
The 1852 and 1881 Historical Censuses of Canada
[www.prdh.umontreal.ca/census/en/main.aspx]
1891   Census of Canada, 1891
Ancestry.ca (subscription required)
[www.ancestry.ca]
FamilySearch.org
[www.familysearch.org/search
/collection/show#uri=
http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/
search/collection/1583536]
1901 Census of Canada, 1901 Ancestry.ca (subscription required)
[www.ancestry.ca]
Census of the Alberta District and the Northwest Territories, 1901
[www.agsedm.edmonton.ab.ca/census.html]
Automated Genealogy
[http://automatedgenealogy.com/
census/index.html]
1906 Census of the Northwest Provinces, 1906 (Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta) Ancestry.ca (subscription required)
[www.ancestry.ca]
1906 Census of Canada (Prairies) Transcriptions
[www.afhs.ab.ca/data/census/1906/]
Automated Genealogy
[http://automatedgenealogy.com/census/index.html]
1911 Census of Canada, 1911 Ancestry.ca (subscription required)
[www.ancestry.ca]
Automated Genealogy
[http://automatedgenealogy.com/
census/index.html]
1916 Census of the Prairie Provinces, 1916 Ancestry.ca (subscription required)
[www.ancestry.ca]

Catalogue of Census Returns on Microfilm, 1666-1901 database allows you to identify the microfilm reel numbers for specific places and counties. Use the Census of the Northwest Provinces, 1906 and the Census of Canada, 1911 databases to identify microfilm reel numbers for those years.

Census indexes for specific places are available on many other Web sites.

Use AVITUS to search for indexes for your area of interest.

Keywords: census and name of place or province

Research in Published Sources

Consult our Bibliography for further information on this topic.

Search for census index in AMICUS using authors, titles or subject terms such as:

  • census index Alberta; and
  • census index Halifax.