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Genealogy and Family History

What to Search: Topics

Ethno-Cultural and Aboriginal Groups


Aboriginal Peoples

Montagnais People making a bark canoe, Murray Bay (Pointe-au-Pic), Quebec, ca. 1863. Photographer: Alexander Henderson. Library and Archives Canada, PA-149709

Source

Montagnais People making a bark canoe,
Murray Bay (Pointe-au-Pic), Quebec, ca. 1863.
Photographer: Alexander Henderson.
Library and Archives Canada, PA-149709.

In order to determine if one of your ancestors was of Native origin, you should first compile a Family Tree. Census indicate each individual's ethnic origin. Some mention of Aboriginal individuals can be found in Parish Registers, Land, Military Records and Publications.

Research at Library and Archives Canada

Library and Archives Canada holds records of the Department of Indian Affairs (RG 10) dating mainly from the late 1800s. The records are usually arranged by band, agency and district.

For information about searching Native ancestry, we recommend the following:

Research Online

Native Soldiers - Foreign Battlefields
[www.vac-acc.gc.ca/remembers/sub.cfm?source=history/other/native]

Useful Web Addresses

Project Naming
An ongoing project to identify Inuit people represented in Library and Archives Canada's collections of photographs.

ARCHIVED - Red and Black Series
[www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/archivianet/red-black/index-e.html]

Treaties, Surrenders and Agreements
[www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/databases/treaties/index-e.html]

Research in Published Sources

Tracing your Aboriginal Ancestors in the Prairie Provinces: A Guide to the Records and How to Use Them, edited by Laura M. Hanowski, published by the Saskatchewan Genealogical Society, 2006.

Research in Other Institutions

For Newfoundland and Labrador, consult the Aboriginal Ancestry [www.therooms.ca/archives/aboriginal_ancestry.asp] page on the Web site of the Rooms Provincial Archives Division.

Use AVITUS to find other Web sites about Aboriginal Ancestry such as guides produced by Nova Scotia, Ontario and Manitoba Provincial Archives.

Related Topics

Land Grants to Veterans